## Bismuth |

Symbol | Bi |
---|---|

Latin name | Bismuthum |

Atomic number | 83 |

Period | 6 |

Element category | Metals |

Relative atomic mass | 208.98037 |

Group | V.A |

Electronegativity | 1.9 |

Oxidation numbers | 3, 5 |

Electron configuration | 1s ^{2} 2s^{2} 2p^{6} 3s^{2} 3p^{6} 3d^{10} 4s^{2} 4p^{6} 4d^{10} 5s^{2} 5p^{6} 4f^{14} 5d^{10} 6s^{2} 6p^{3} |

Density [g/cm^{3}] | 9.81 |

State | Solid |

Melting point [°C] | 271.44 |

Boiling point [°C] | 1560 |

Atomic radius [pm] | 143 |

Covalent radius [pm] | 146 |

Thermal conductivity [W m^{-1}K^{-1}] | 7.87 |

Heat capacity [J K^{-1}g^{-1}] | 0.122 |

Discovery | 1450 |

Hardness [Mohs scale] | 2.5 |

Brinell hardness [MPa] | 94.2 |

Young's modulus [GPa] | 32 |

Electrical conductivity [S m^{-1}] | 8.67 · 10 ^{5} |

Shear modulus [GPa] | 12 |

1.st ionization energy [eV] | 7.289 |

2.nd ionization energy [eV] | 16.687 |

3.rd ionization energy [eV] | 25.559 |

Stable isotopes | 1 |

Unstable isotopes | 18 |